Pier and Beam Foundations
Pier and Beam foundations are designed with a crawl space; some are more accessible than others. If the crawl space is inaccessible, it may be necessary to excavate the soil to create adequate access. One of the two most common types of pier & beam foundations are supported by numerous wood, concrete or masonry supports rising up from the ground, in turn supporting the beams, joists and framing of the structure.
The second type of design utilizes concrete cast in place grade beams supporting the joists and framing of the structure. Repairs for pier and beam foundations could be as simple as the contractor re-adjusting the foundation with the use of shims. This process is often called ‘re-shimming.’ In other cases where wood rot, support failure or poor soil and water conditions occur, there are several options for correcting the foundation. Some of these options are the installation of new concrete pour in place supports and/or concrete pad block supports. To correct wood rot, beam replacement, joist replacement or sill plate replacement may be necessary. Sub-Floor replacement may need to be implemented to properly transfer the load.